5.7.12 Calculate(numX, numY, prefixStr, exprStr)
(objRef1, ..., objRefN);
Constructs a measurement of the value of a calculated expression.
numX, numY, and prefixStr are the standard left and top
coordinates and prefix string of every measurement object; exprStr
contains a representation of the expression to calculate, and
objRef1 through objRefN are object identifiers of any
other measurement objects the value of which act as components of the
expression.
The exprStr expression is expressed in reverse Polish
notation (RPN), in which arithmetic operators follow their operands.
RPN eliminates the need for parentheses, because the order of
evaluation is strictly lefttoright. Thus "(1+2)/3" can be phrased
in RPN as "1 2 + 3 /".
Valid tokens within exprStr include:
 numeric constants. Any real number can be expressed,
with an optional preliminary negative sign (for negative numbers)
and an optional single decimal point (for expressing noninteger
values). A numeric constant may include a terminal space to delimit
it in circumstances where two numeric constants are adjacent.
 +, , /, *. These operators
perform their standard arithmetic operation: addition,
subtraction, division, and multiplication.
 ^: This operator performs exponentiation.
 %: This operator performs unary negation.
 @xxxx: This operator applies a predefined
function. xxxx is a fourcharacter sequence indicating the
function, and may be one of the following: sin_ (sine),
cos_ (cosine), tan_ (tangent), abs_ (absolute
value), sqrt (square root), ln__ (natural log),
rond (rounding), trnc (truncation toward zero),
sgn_ (signnum), asin (arcsine), acos
(arccosine), atan (arctangent), or log_ (base10
logarithm).
 x where x is in {AZ}. This operand
substitutes the value of another measurement in the sketch:
A corresponds to measurement objRef1, B
corresponds to measurement objRef2, etc. It is an error to
pass an operator that does not have a corresponding objRef;
i. e. to refer to C when you only supply two objRefs
in the construction (implicitly, A and B).
 #xy where x is in {AZ} and
y is in {19}. This operand substitutes the value of
component y of a vectorbased measurement x. x
refers to an objRef according to the same rules above
(i. e. A is objRef1, B is objRef2,
etc.). Parent objRefx must be a vectorbased measurement:
in DR3 of JavaSketchpad, the only vectorbased measurement is the
Coordinate pair. y indicates the component of the vector to
isolate. In DR3, the only legal values for y are 1
and 2: 1 indicates the xcomponent of a coordinate
pair, 2 indicates the ycomponent of that pair.
Examples:
Calculate(10, 10, 'Sum is ','AB+C+') (5, 6,
7);
Calculates the sum of measurement objects #5, 6, and 7 in the
sketch, and positions their sum at (10, 10) on the coordinate plane.
Calculate(20, 20, 'Distance is
','#A1#B12^#A2#B22^+@sqrt') (8, 9);
Calculates the Euclidean distance (sqrt[dX^2+dY^2]) between the
two coordinate pair measurements referenced as objects #8 and 9 in
the sketch.
Note that a space character may be used inside exprStr to
delimit individual tokens. This allows you to express one plus three
as '1 3+' where '13+' would be interpreted as thirteen plus (whatever
preceded it).
Note also that the objRef list must not be empty, even if
no tokens in the expression refer to object references (i. e. even if
the expression's value is constant). This is a limitation of DR3, and
will be fixed in the next release.
