Preprint des Projektes: SFB 701: Spektrale Strukturen und Topologische Methoden in der Mathematik - Projekt B3
Numerische Analyse äquivarianter Evolutionsgleichungen
By a classical theorem transversal homoclinic points of maps lead to shift dynamics on a maximal invariant set, also referred to as a homoclinic tangle. In this paper we study the fate of homoclinic tangles in parameterized systems from the viewpoint of numerical continuation and bifurcation theory. The bifurcation result shows that the maximal invariant set near a homoclinic tangency, where two homoclinic tangles collide, can be characterized by a system of bifurcation equations that is indexed by a symbolic sequence. For the H\'enon family we investigate in detail the bifurcation structure of multi-humped orbits originating from several tangencies. The homoclinic network found by numerical continuation is explained by combining our bifurcation result with graph-theoretical arguments.